Randomization algorithm

Randomization algorithm overview

Highlight ensures that mints for generative and series collections with random distribution mechanics are fair, provably random, and decentralized.

We use an independently verifiable, deterministic algorithm to populate token metadata on random mints. This means that:

  • Collectors can independently verify the provable randomness of each and every tokenโ€™s metadata.

  • Neither the creator nor Highlight knows which mints will get which metadata, meaning no party can help any collector.

While metadata is centralized during a mint, we upload revealed metadata to Arweave in parallel so that collectors can always verify the centralized metadata against its decentralized copy. Once the mint ends, the creator can update their collection to use the decentralized metadata on-chain.

Generative randomization process

The hl-gen.js script provides a number of methods intended to help you generate deterministic randomness in your artwork. These methods are seeded by a combination of the transaction hash (or a predetermined hash if you choose) and the token ID.

It is important to use these methods to generate randomness in place of Math.random or p5โ€™s random function to ensure that, after a token is minted, it renders identically on all subsequent renders.

Series randomization process

Pre-mint: creator upload

When the creator of a Series uploads the initial folder of the Seriesโ€™ metadata, our tooling indexes the metadata in the order it was uploaded. These are called metadata ids.

During mint

Token ids are minted sequentially, in ascending order.

On each mint, we run an algorithm that generates the metadata id deterministically using a Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG) called Mulberry32. This PRNG function outputs a metadataId from the following inputs:

  • Transaction hash

  • Block hash

  • Token id

  • Unclaimed metadataIds

Once a valid metadataId is generated, we populate the minted tokenโ€™s metadata with the metadata corresponding to the metadataId.

We also upload the metadata to the Arweave folder, updating the base uri of the decentralized copy that remains inspectable by collectors.

Verification of fairness

Any third party can independently verify the randomness of any mint

The following pseudo-code is the verification algorithm that one can run to determine the expected metadataId to be generated for all minted tokens until a certain one. To run the verification algorithm, youโ€™ll need the transaction hashes of each minted token, in-order.

const generateMetadataId = (txHashes: string[], size: number): number[] => {
  // size is the size of the series 
  const unclaimedMetadataIds = Array.from({length: 10), (_, i) => i + 1);
  const generatedMetadataIds: number[] = []
  for (let i = 0; i < mintedTokenId; i++) {
    const txHash = txHashes[i];
    const blockHashes = await getBlockHashesFromTxHash(txHash);
    const id = prng(txHash, blockHashes, i + 1, unclaimedMetadataIds)
    unclaimedMetadataIds = unclaimedMetadataIds.filter(item => item != id)
  return generatedMetadataIds;

// to verify the expected metadata id for token n, you will need the 
transaction hashes of mints 1 - n. This verification algorithm will return 
the expected metadata ids for tokens 1 - n

Post-mint: mint ends

Creator executes a transaction that swaps the centralized folder on-chain for a decentralized Arweave copy.

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